Parent Helper Resources

Supervising Field Events

Field Events generally work best with 4 parent roles assisting as follows:

Official 1
(Age Manager)
Official 2
Official 3
Official 4
Ensure Officials in Place
Call Next Athlete
Judge Fouls
Read & Record Result
Pull Tape Measure &
    Read Result
Spike throws
Judge Javelin Landing
Set / Adjust HJ bar
Retrieve Implement
Rake Pit / Spray water
Set / Adjust HJ bar

Officials 2 – 4 will generally be “signed-up” to supervise at that particular field event location for the evening.    On occasion, a qualified official from the Committee, or invited by the Committee, will be present and that person shall then take the role of judging fouls.

The Video Resources and Fact Sheets below provide guidance on how to perform each of these roles.


Field Events – Video Resources

The following provides helpful guidance for parents supervising athletic events.  Click on the links below to see a selection of short videos covering each Field Event including Discus, Shot Put, Javelin, High Jump, Long Jump & Triple Jump:

Parent Helping (Officiating) Throwing & Jumping Events

Hints & Tips for Parents/Helpers


Field Events – Fact Sheets

The following 1 page sheets explain the key rules and techniques for each event and are helpful for both Athletes & Officials.  Parent officials should pay particular attention to the sections on ‘fouls’ and ‘measuring’.

Throws:      Discus;   Shot Put;   Javelin

Jumps:       Long Jump;   Triple Jump;   High Jump


Supervising Track Events

The following roles are required to supervise races conducted on the Track on the main oval.  Noone should be on the main oval unless they are an Age Manager escorting their group to an event, or Signed-up to fill one of these roles:

RoleWhat's Involved / Documentation
Age ManagersAdvise the Marshall with clipboard that your Age Group has arrived (for 100m, 200m, 4/800m Start).
Keep Order at Start Lines while waiting turn to race.
Assist Starter and/or Marshalls to guide athletes onto the Start Line - particularly for pack races where up to 16 runners may enter a race. In the Longer races, it is desirable to run separate "fast" and "slow" heats if needed and to choose runners accordingly. Mixing Age groups is permitted.
Track StarterStarts Races. Here is a comprehensive guide:
Race Starters' Brief
Basic Starters Guide
Electronic Race Starting - explains how to use the Starter's Equipment
See Track Procedures below for further information.
Track Recorder
(Finish Line)
Use a computer application to manage the Timing Gates and collect race results. If the 'Start Line Process' is not in use, then the Recorder also enters the identity of each runner at the end of each race. Follow these procedures:
Recording Race Results
See Track Procedures below for further information.
Track MarshallsAt the Start Line with Clipboard: Keep track of which Age Groups are next to run. Move runners onto the Track.
At the Finish Line: For pack races, hand out 'place numbers' to runners and guide them in order to the Track Recorder (for recording of their bib number). For laned races, guide runners in their lane order (assuming 'start line process' not operating.
See Track Procedures below for further information.
Start Line RecorderRequired whenever the 'Start Line Process' is in operation. Use your mobile phone and a web app phone to record the Bib Nbr of athletes and their lane numbers in advance of the race start. See the following:
Start Line Process Overview
See Track Procedures below for further information.
Hurdle HelpersStraight Track - Move hurdles into position and adjust heights / positions as necessary. On the straight track, Hurdle positions are marked on a tape running the length of the track. The main task for Hurdle Helpers is to ensure the correct number of hurdles are in the correct locations and set to the correct heights for Age Group about to run.
Hurdle Specs (straight track - brief)

Circular Track - Hurdle positions on the Circular Track (for 200 & 300m hurdles) are marked on the Track (usually just in lanes 1 to 3). Under 13 do the 200m Hurdles with 5 flights set to 68cm. Under 14 do 200m Hurdles with 5 flights set to 76cm. Under 15 - 17 do 300m Hurdles with 7 flights set to 76cm.
Hurdle Specs - Circular Track

Track Procedures

The Straight Track and the Circular Track operate according to the procedures set out in the following documents.  These provide guidance for the Starter, Recorder and Race Marshalls who supervise the operation of each track:

Straight TrackStraight Track Procedures V6 - Week A
Straight Track Procedures V6 - Week B
Circular TrackCircular Track Procedures V14 - Week A
Circular Track Procedures V14 - Week B


Track Events – Briefs

Briefs:         Middle Distance;  (For Parents & Athletes)

                      Race Starters’ Brief 

Videos:       Starting a Race;   Track Rules



Becoming an Official

If you enjoy supervising the various events and are interested to learn more about officiating, there are a range of short (45-90 min) on-line courses available allowing you to gain a Level 1 Certification under the “Australian Athletics Officials’ Education Scheme”.

Australian Athletics Officials’ Education Scheme (AAOES)

Level 1 of the AAOES addresses the needs of club level officiating and includes short, easy to complete on-line courses covering each of the Event areas in Little Athletics.  Each course (eg. “Discus”) requires about 45 – 90 minutes of your time, and you will receive a Level 1 Certificate for each course you complete.  The scheme also provides pathways to Level 2 and Level 3 programs which provide the higher levels of expertise required to officiate at State & National level championships.

To find out more about Officials Education, visit:  Australian Athletics Officials’ Education Scheme.